Dr. Manmohan Singh is an Indian economist and politician who served as the Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014. Here are 10 important things to know about him on his birthday:

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  1. Early Life and Education: Manmohan Singh was born on September 26, 1932, in Gah, Punjab, British India (now in Pakistan). He completed his undergraduate and master’s degrees in economics from Panjab University and the University of Cambridge, respectively.
  2. Economic Reforms: He is often credited with implementing significant economic reforms in India during his tenure as the Finance Minister in the early 1990s. These reforms, often referred to as the “Manmohan Singh reforms,” liberalized the Indian economy and opened it up to globalization.
  3. Architect of Liberalization: As the Finance Minister under Prime Minister Narasimha Rao, Manmohan Singh played a key role in dismantling the License Raj and reducing trade barriers, which led to increased foreign investment and economic growth.
  4. Academic Career: Before entering politics, Manmohan Singh had a distinguished academic career. He taught economics at various universities, including the University of Delhi, the University of Oxford, and the University of Cambridge.
  5. Tenure as Prime Minister: He served two terms as Prime Minister of India, from 2004 to 2014. During his tenure, he focused on economic development, social welfare programs, and improving India’s relations with other countries.
  6. Nuclear Deal with the U.S.: One of the landmark achievements during his tenure was the signing of the Indo-US Civil Nuclear Agreement in 2008, which helped India gain access to civilian nuclear technology and fuel.
  7. Economic Growth: Under his leadership, India experienced robust economic growth, with GDP growth rates often exceeding 8% during the mid-2000s. His policies were instrumental in making India one of the world’s fastest-growing major economies.
  8. Foreign Policy: Manmohan Singh’s foreign policy emphasized improving relations with neighboring countries, particularly Pakistan and China, and strengthening India’s role in international organizations like the United Nations.
  9. Awards and Recognition: He has received several awards and honors, including the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian award, and the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding.
  10. Retirement: After completing his second term as Prime Minister in 2014, Manmohan Singh continued to be active in Indian politics and public life. He served as a Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha) until his retirement from the Rajya Sabha in 2019.

Manmohan Singh’s contributions to Indian politics and economics have left a lasting impact on the country, and he is widely regarded as a respected statesman and economist both in India and on the international stage.

Photo ofDr Manmohan Singh
Dr Manmohan Singh

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